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28 to 9. 20) for ga and 2. 49 (95% ci 1. 06 to 5. 82) for cnv. Stopping smoking was associated with reduced odds of amd and the risk in those who had not smoked for over 20 years was comparable to non-smokers. viagra and viagra difference The risk profile was similar for males and females. Passive smoking exposure was associated with an increased risk of amd (or 1. 87; 95% ci 1. 03 to 3. 40) in non-smokers. Conclusions: the authors have demonstrated a strong association between the risk of both ga and cnv and pack years of cigarette smoking. http://buycheapviagraforsaleonlinepharmacy.accountant
This provides support for a causal relation between smoking and amd. reduce side effects viagra They also show an increased risk for amd in non-smokers exposed to passive smoking. Stopping smoking appears to reduce the risk of developing amd. Amd, age related macular degeneration cfh, complement factor h cnv, choroidal neovascularisation ga, geographic atrophy ped, pigment epithelial detachment rpe, retinal pigment epithelium age related macular degeneration smoking case control amd, age related macular degeneration cfh, complement factor h cnv, choroidal neovascularisation ga, geographic atrophy ped, pigment epithelial detachment rpe, retinal pigment epithelium age related macular degeneration smoking case control footnotes this work was supported by a programme grant from the medical research council. The authors declare no competing interests in the preparation and submission of this manuscript. buying generic viagra
Multicentre research ethics committee, trent, uk and local research ethics committee approvals from each of the participating units detailed above were obtained for the study. Citeulike connotea delicious digg facebook google+ mendeley reddit technorati twitter what's this? viagra and viagra difference Related articles bjo at a glance: bjo at a glance br j ophthalmol 2006; 90: 1 1 [ extract ] [ full text ] [ pdf ] this article abstract full text pdf services email this link to a friend alert me when this article is cited alert me if a correction is posted alert me when eletters are published article usage statistics similar articles in this journal similar articles in web of science similar articles in pubmed add article to my folders download to citation manager request permissions add to portfolio responses submit a response no responses published citing articles load citing article information citing articles via web of science citing articles via scopus citing articles via google scholar google scholar articles by khan, j. C. viagra and viagra difference Articles by bird, a. C. Search for related content pubmed pubmed citation articles by khan, j. viagra women depression C. Articles by bird, a. generic viagra
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